There is another option if you are caught short on storage and can’t find a bin set up for harvest, apart from taking grain to the elevator that may lead to market low price. Grains can be held outdoors for few months until you can get a new bin for storage, this would help in holding up some grains temporary to avoid or minimize quality loss. For grains stored in piles during winter weather with about 15% moisture or less does not necessarily have to be covered or aerated, it is in the following spring and summer that grains can be covered and aeration is necessary.
It is advisable to wait in piling grain outdoors until the final lap of the harvest, by that time the crop will have dried in the field and the temperature, around 50°F - 60°F, will be cooler for storage. Waiting until this time of harvest will ensure that grain is not exposed for long while a new bin is set up.
Tips For Grain Storage
Other tips on grain storage are effective but takes time, involve many instructions that can cause damage if neglected and more expensive. If you are searching for a simple means of covering grain that is not just effective but inexpensive, then the best choice is ALCO cover. The ALCO cover protects stockpile 100% from rain and other factors of damage, keeps the grain dry, can take more grain than any other means of storage, less instruction and a professional that can help in the installation and how to go about using the covers.
Grain baggage is another option of storing grains, for instance, a 10- foot diameter bag can be used to store up to 60 bushels per foot, it will cost about 5¢ to 7¢ per bushel for a single use storage bag, this includes loading and unloading equipment which is between $50,000 and $165,000. Grains should be dry and cool (50°F is ideal) before been put or stored in a bag
Storage Space Estimating
Creating an outdoor storage is expensive, however, to avert excessive spoilage and quality losses, there is need to invest in site preparation. In preparing a site for storage, a good drainage system and the way a pad is created are important for the success of any site preparation. First in site preparation is estimating how much area of land you need to hold your crop overflow, follow the link for other steps: Emergency Storage of Grain: Outdoor Piling (publication MF-2363). When giving up space, area for conveying equipment and turning of trucks and trailers should be mapped out, trucks and trailers need about a ½ acre (or a 130-foot diameter) to turn around.
Indoor Storage Space
Before carrying out your outdoor piling, consider possibility spaces in farmstead buildings. Old/Existing buildings can be used for storing grain temporarily if grains are not yet piled up against the outside walls, they can be piled up to 4 feet deep in the walls of temporal storage. The most economical response for short-term storage is the piling of grains on the floor and peaking the pile as much as possible, this was the final analysis, however, the ALCO cover is more economical and effective.
Select a site that is well drained, 1% - 2% slope is a good drainage, after your storage size must have been calculated, the storage pad should be crowned under the pile. Pad is created by mixing lime, and cement or fly ash in the soil before compacting it to reduce water intake, 6-mil plastic should be placed on the surface to prevent moisture from the ground wetting the grain. The standard amount of compression needed for a good pad should be about 95% of the proctor density, density gauge is used to measure the value and can be done by an engineering firm.
Are you concerned about the center of the storage pile heating up? Ventilation ducts are positioned parallel to the axis of a pile rectangular in shape, the positioning matters a lot and plays a big role in cooling the pile’s core, it also makes it simple to remove the corn. Aeration demands low-velocity fans that provide approximately 0.1 cubic foot of air per minute per bushel of dry grain 15% moisture or less. Placing of ducts should be done 70 feet beyond the grain at the front and back end of the pile. For piles with a storage capacity of over 200 feet, ventilation of the core may be accomplished by running ducts from sides and intersecting at the center of an 80-foot duct parallel to the long axis, forming a T-shape.
Maximum Slope Achievement
The distance from the spout of the auger to the pile should be dropped to a minimum when building the pile, this will achieve maximum slope. The rolling of grains down the side of the pile shows the maximum angle of repose and pile height. Cover the pile with plastic tarps if the fall is wet and the pile is exposed for several months, 1 inch of rainfall distributed evenly across a pile can re-wet the top 12 inches of grain taking the moisture to 9%.